Acetone This is our most popular Acetone - Acetone (General Use)
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Why Buy Acetone Online from UK Chemical Suppliers, ReAgent Chemicals?
ReAgent supply acetone for general use in 2.5 L and 25 L containers, as well as 200 L drums. Discounts are available for bulk purchases over 4 items. All our products come with 100% quality guarantee and are usually shipped within 24 hours.
Chemical properties of acetone
Acetone, also known as propanone, is a colourless, flammable liquid with a well-known fruity odour and a pungent taste. With the chemical formula (CH3)2CO, itís the simplest form of ketone. It is highly miscible with water, as well as other solvents, including benzene, ether, alcohol and chloroform. Its boiling point is 56 degree Celsius and the melting point is Ė 97 degree Celsius.
In industry, itís used mostly as a solvent in many different processes, but itís also an important reagent in some processes, such as the manufacture of methyl methacrylate and bisphenol A. Household uses typically include nail polish remover and cleaning agents.
The worldwide production of acetone is estimated to be over 6 million tonnes annually, with the United States as the largest producer. The current method of synthesis of acetone is via the cumene process. In tis reaction, benzene (C6H6) is alkylated with propylene (C3H6) to generate cumene (C9H12). Cumene is subsequently oxidised to produce acetone ((CH3)2CO) and phenol (C6H6O).
C6H6 + C3H6 → C9H12
C9H12 + 2O → (CH3)2CO + C6H6O
Other process include the direct oxidation of propylene (the Wacker-Hoechst process), or the conversion of propylene to propanol, which can then be oxidised to acetone. Acetone can also be generated by distillation of calcium acetate (Ca(CH3COO)2) in a reaction known as a ketonic decarboxylation.
Ca(CH3COO)2 → CaO + CO2 + (CH3)2CO
During World War I, acetone was crudely synthesised by fermentation of a mixture containing acetone, butanol and ethanol with the ratio 3-6-1. This process was very important during this period to produce cordite, a propellant developed by the military to replace gunpowder.
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In addition to acetone for general use, we also supply acetone for analytical and laboratory use. As our manufacturing facilities are based in the UK, we are ideally positioned to offer you great flexibility to the products offered. In addition to our range of chemicals produced, we also offer bespoke products to cover all your needs. Simply contact us for a quote of a technical question.
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Related Documents & Information
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